San Salvador, El Salvador – Salvadorans are heading to the polls on Sunday to elect the nation’s 84-member Nationwide Meeting in a vote that civil society teams concern might destabilise the democratic order imposed by a 1992 peace accord that ended a 12-year civil warfare.
Voters will select 84 legislators to signify them within the nationwide meeting for the following three years, and polls present practically 70 p.c of voters favour president Nayib Bukele’s Nuevas Concepts occasion.
“I’m going to vote for [Nayib’s party] as a result of he has helped us quite a bit,” mentioned Wendy Henriquez, a 46-year-old avenue vendor who had by no means voted earlier than casting a poll for Bukele within the 2019 presidential elections.
She mentioned she is supporting candidates from his occasion as a result of she thinks the president is doing job, citing pandemic support and a plan to present all public faculty college students a pc as the federal government’s main accomplishments.
Whereas supporters of the president’s occasion are energised, civil society teams have raised considerations the elections might pace up the deterioration of the nation’s democratic establishments that they are saying started when Bukele took workplace.
“We haven’t seen such constant authoritarian behaviour for the reason that finish of the peace accords,” mentioned Luis Mario Rodriguez, director of Political Research for the Salvadoran Basis for the Social and Financial Improvement (FUSADES).
Two predominant political events – right-wing ARENA and left-wing FMLN – have dominated Salvadoran politics for the reason that signing of the peace accords.
However their help has waned lately after a collection of high-profile corruption scandals, leaving a gap for a populist candidate to win over disgruntled voters with guarantees of change.
In 2019, Bukele turned the primary candidate from exterior these two events to win the presidency within the post-war interval and he has repeatedly downplayed the significance of the peace accords. The 39-year-old social media savvy chief campaigned on an anti-corruption platform and promised to rid the political system of an previous order that pillaged public funds.
Slightly than give attention to proposals of particular person candidates, Bukele has centered on convincing voters to end up for his occasion in order that he could have sufficient seats to move laws with out opposition from conventional events, who he claims are corrupt.
Nuevas Concepts candidates have promised to deliver a brand new strategy to safety, training and unemployment, however many will not be new faces in Salvadoran politics, and held public workplace as members of one other occasion.
Polls present no different occasion – of the 2 conventional ones and 6 others – will acquire far more than 5 p.c of the vote. Polls open at 7am native time (13:00 GMT) at practically 1,600 voting centres across the nation, and officers count on preliminary outcomes a couple of hours after polls shut at 5pm (23:00 GMT).
Regardless that Bukele is just not up for re-election, which is prohibited by the Salvadoran structure, he has been campaigning for his occasion within the hopes of profitable a majority or supermajority of legislators till his time period ends in 2025.
For the reason that peace accords, no occasion has gained a easy majority of 43 seats within the meeting with out forming a coalition with legislators from different smaller events.
Since taking workplace in June 2019, human rights teams in El Salvador have warned of Bukele’s more and more authoritarian governing type. They’re significantly nervous about his use of the armed forces, which performed a troubling function in El Salvador’s previous and carried out massacres in opposition to unarmed civilians in the course of the civil warfare.
On February 9, 2020, Bukele entered the nationwide meeting with the armed forces to strain legislators to move a mortgage to help his safety plan.
Bukele has rejected and mocked criticisms about his governing type, saying he would have taken much more excessive motion like capturing his opponents if he actually had been a dictator. He and his supporters have used the hashtag #QueBonitaDictadura (What a Stunning Dictatorship) on social media to spotlight public work tasks and different authorities initiatives.
When greater than 40 civil society teams approached candidates from all events to signal a letter committing to respecting democratic norms, no candidate for Nuevas Concepts signed on.
Many human rights teams and political analysts thought of the February 2020 episode a costume rehearsal for what’s to return.
“Voters assume that if Bukele behaves badly, they’ll appropriate it with the following election, nevertheless it’s doable that there gained’t be one other election with the identical guidelines of the sport as clear as they’ve been for the reason that peace accords,” mentioned Salvadoran human rights defender Celia Medrano.
“The issue that’s at stake on February 28 is that this frustration gained’t matter if he manages to regulate all the pieces as a result of it should already be too late.”
Some voters say they need their vote to counteract this potential focus of energy.
“He desires to realize an excessive amount of energy. If they’ve all the ability, they’re going to need to do no matter they need,” mentioned Daniel Pinos, a 41-year-old avenue vendor who plans to vote for opposition candidates from new events VAMOS and Nuestro Tiempo.
“If there are different events, it’s extra sophisticated. They’re not going to have the ability to do no matter they need.”
However most voters brush off critiques of Bukele and his authoritarian tendencies as political infighting or jealousy.
“Sadly, they (the normal events) haven’t achieved issues the fitting means, and their stealing has come out throughout – within the radio, TV, and newspapers,” mentioned Nuevas Concepts voter Julio Munoz, a 56-year previous vegetable vendor.
“They need to speak dangerous concerning the president as a result of it fits them as a result of they’re going to lose and so they’re not going to be governing. It’s throughout for them.”
Nuevas Concepts supporter Roberto Antonio Linares, 52, mentioned he doesn’t need to see the federal government turn into a dictatorship as a result of he remembers the hurt these governments do to the individuals. However he doesn’t consider Bukele is on that path.
“We’ll simply must see within the time that he governs if there isn’t any corruption that impacts the individuals,” Linares mentioned.